An introduction to the life and political history of louis xiv a french king

Resistance stiffened and the war ground down to a bloody stalemate. Some even saw this as a plot to ruin the nobles by making them go bankrupt while they were trapped in the gilded cage of Versailles.

The ostentation, gambling, and entertainments did not disappear, but the court, subjected to an outward display of propriety, became suffused with boredom. His 5-year-old grandson succeeded him as Louis XV. These mistakes could have been corrected.

The revocation, which was accompanied by a pitiless persecution, drove many artisans from France and caused endless misfortune. He has been accused of having dug the grave of that monarchy, particularly through his religious policy, his last will, and his isolation of the court from the people.

Colbert introduced more efficient taxation which included aides and douanes both customs dutiesgabelle tax on salt and taille tax on land. As Louis himself put it: He lived there at his own expense and was expected to keep up a sumptuous life style in order to be a proper ornament for Louis' court.

It is now time that I govern them myself. However, Europe's suspicion and fear of French aggression had been aroused, and each succeeding war would be progressively harder for Louis to win. Only the "unprivileged" classes paid direct taxes, and this term came to mean the peasants only, since many bourgeois, in one way or another, obtained exemptions.

Legal matters did not escape Louis' attention, as is reflected in the numerous " Great Ordinances " he enacted. All this was built and maintained at tremendous expense. His reign of 72 years and days is the longest for any monarch of a major country in European history.

The resulting war lasted from to Finance had always been the weak spot in the French monarchy: The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. He has been accused of having dug the grave of that monarchy, particularly through his religious policy, his last will, and his isolation of the court from the people.

The interest on the debt was reduced from 52 million to 24 million livres. Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.

With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation. Although he proclaimed that he would henceforth rule without a chief minister, he was too indolent and lacking in self-confidence to coordinate the activities of his secretaries of state and give firm direction to national policy.

He was devoted to the soldiers' material well-being and morale, and even tried to direct campaigns. The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both customs dutiesthe gabelle a tax on saltand the taille a tax on land.

For the first time, Louis' generals suffered decisive defeats, mostly at the hands of the brilliant British general, John Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough.

10 Major Accomplishments of Louis XIV of France

His mother had inculcated in him a narrow and simplistic religionand he understood nothing of the Reformation. Therefore, Louis' diplomacy had to clear the way to make sure he did not fight everyone at once.

Louis XIV of France

His mother had inculcated in him a narrow and simplistic religionand he understood nothing of the Reformation. Zenith and decline The Sun King was at his zenith. His fleet equaled those of England and Holland.French political power reached a zenith under the rule of Louis XIV, "The Sun King", builder of Versailles Palace.

In the late 18th century the monarchy and associated institutions were overthrown in the French Revolution.

History of France

Louis XIV Louis XIV Holding a Plan of the Maison Royale de Saint-Louis at Saint-Cyr by Nicolas-René Jollain; in the Versailles Museum, France. French School—The Bridgeman Art Library/Getty Images At the same time, great changes were occurring in.

Watch video · The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign.

Louis XIV of France

In that time, he transformed the monarchy. Introduction. Louis XIV (b. –d. ) was the longest reigning king in French history. His seventy-two years on the throne were a period of dramatic political, social, and cultural development as well as extraordinary turbulence.

the overthrow of King James II by William and Mary, it occurred with very little bloodshed, afterwards William and Mary ruled England together English Bill of Rights gave English citizens certain unalienable rights, and limited the power of the king; established power of the Parliament.

This reservoir of humanity first reached for and nearly attained the dominance of Europe under Louis XIV, the "Sun King". Louis' early life and reign () Louis was born in and succeeded his father, Louis XIII, as king in at the age of five.

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An introduction to the life and political history of louis xiv a french king
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